General Information

Deer live in almost every habitat type from pine forests, to farmlands to creek bottoms and other places where food, water and shelter are available.

Bat Species

The black bear is the only bear species found in North Carolina or anywhere in the eastern United States and is an important part of our cultural, historical and natural heritage.


Beavers are one of the few species that significantly modify their environment. By building watertight dams, which reduce stream erosion and form slow-moving ponds, they provide aquatic habitat for dozens of other species.

Bat Houses

The gray fox is the only fox species native to North Carolina. The red fox was introduced to the state by European settlers in the 1700s.

White-Nose Syndrome


General Information

Bats of North Carolina (N.C. Wildlife Resources Commission)
Of the 17 bat species that occur in North Carolina, three are listed as federally Endangered and one is listed as federally Threatened. By educating the public, monitoring populations and protecting bat habitat, the N.C. Wildlife Resources Commission is working to sustain bat populations in the state.

Bat Management (webinar) (U.S. Forest Service)
This webinar discusses why bats are important, some of the threats bats face, their legal status, and how this affects forest managers, and some things that forest and wildlife managers can do to help conserve bats.

Working With Wildlife – Bats (N.C. Cooperative Extension)
Bats are an important pollinator and the only major predator of night-flying insects, eating as many as 7,000 mosquitoes a night.

Coexist with Bats (N.C. Wildlife Resources Commission)
Although bats are an integral component of our environment, occasionally they can become nuisance species when they enter the buildings we occupy. Here are some tips for avoid negative interactions with bats and for dealing with nuisance issues.

North Carolina Bat Working Group Bat Facts

Tracking Bat Colonies With High-Speed Cameras (Smithsonian Chanel) (Video)
Scientists place high-speed cameras at the mouth of a cave and catch thousands of bats in action as they fly off to feed.

White-Nose Syndrome

White-Nose Syndrome

Beneficial Forest Management Practices for WNS-Affected Bats

What is White-Nose Syndrome (Smithsonian Chanel) (Video)

Bat Echolocation

Here’s What Bat Echolation Sounds Like, Slowed Down (Smithsonian Channel) (Video)

Bat Houses

How to Build a Bat House

Bat Conservation International offers bat house designs based on their research on the features thatare most attractive to bats.

Backyard Habitat for Wildlife – Beneficial Bats (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service)
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service offers instructions for building a bat house for your backyard habitat.

Bat House Installation

Where you install your bat house is as important as how you construct it. Here are things to consider when locating your bat house so that it is attractive to bats.  Read more.

Installing Your Bat House: Wooden Poll or Steel Poll Installation (Bat Conservation International)

Installing Your Bat House on a Building (Bat Conservation International)

Eastern Red Bat Lasiurus borealis

Eastern Red Bat (North Carolina Bat Working Group)
When the eastern red bat hibernates, it often uses hollow trees. These bats often roost in areas of dense foliage where their red coat is very helpful at camouflaging them.

Evening Bat Nycticeius humeralis

Evening Bat (North Carolina Bat Working Group)
This species usually inhabits buildings or tree cavities in summer and are almost never found in caves. Females often give birth to twins (or in some cases triplets), and the young are born in nursery colonies located in hollow trees, attics, buildings and behind loose bark.

Hoary Bat Lasiurus cinereus

Hoary Bat (North Carolina Bat Working Group)
Hoary bats spend daytime hours roosting in trees that are typically near open clearings.

Northern Long-Eared Bat

Northern Long-Eared Bat (North Carolina Bat Working Group)
They tend to be found in boreal forests but roost in hollow trees, buildings and under loose tree bark, and hibernate in caves and underground mines.

Northern Long-Eared Bat Fact Sheet

Northern Long-Eared Bat Distribution and Abundance in North Carolina

Mammals of North Carolina: Northern Long-Eared Bat

USFWS Northern Long-Eared Bat

Northern Yellow Bat Lasiurus intermedius

Northern Yellow Bat (North Carolina Bat Working Group)
This bat utilizes mixed hardwood and pine forests, as well as pine groves. It feeds on dragonflies, ants, leafhoppers, mosquitoes and diving beetles, and does most of its foraging in open and grassy areas such as pastures, golf courses, and the edges of lakes and forests.

Rafinesque’s Big-Eared Bat Corynorhinus rafinesquii

Rafinesque Big-Eared Bat (North Carolina Bat Working Group)
Their broad, relatively short wings and lower-pitched feeding calls are ideal tools for feeding within densely vegetated areas such as tree canopies. Rafinesque’s bats roost in caves or hollow trees as well as man-made structures such as abandoned buildings or wells.

Seminole Bats Lasiurus seminolus

Seminole Bat (North Carolina Bat Working Group)
Seminole bats can be found hanging from Spanish moss, loose bark, or leaves in lowland forests with leaf litter lying on the forest floor beneath them to reduce the amount of light reflected on them. Seminoles prefer pine trees specifically for roosting.

Silver-Haired Bat Lasionycteris noctivagans

Silver-Haired Bat (North Carolina Bat Working Group)
This bat can be found in different types of forests near bodies of water roosting in loose bark and tree cavities. They prefer maple, ash and willow trees.

Southeastern Bat Myotis austroriparius

Southeastern Bat (North Carolina Bat Working Group)
In North Carolina and other areas lacking caves, southeastern bats roost in hollow tupelo, gum, or cypress trees in bottomland hardwood forests.

Tri-Colored Bat Pipistrellus subflavus

Mammals of North Carolina Tricolored Bat

The Tricolored Bat  (North Carolina Bat Working Group)
These bats are rarely found in buildings, as they prefer to roost in trees near areas of mixed agricultural use during the summer. They often forage over waterways and forest edges, feeding on moths, beetles, midges, bugs, ants, mosquitoes and other insects.

Virginia Big-Eared Bat Corynorhinus townsendii virginianus

Virginia Big-Eared Bat (North Carolina Bat Working Group)
This bat forages in forests, open fields and near cliffs. It is listed as “endangered” under the USFWS Endangered Species Act. Since these bats are highly sensitive to human disturbance, roosting sites are protected.