All Certified Tree Farmers are required to have a management plan that addresses air, water, soil quality, wildlife, special sites, invasive species and integrated pest management as described in the ATFS Standards of Sustainability. However, woodland owners have their own goals and objectives for their land. What are your priorities for your land? We offer this Resources section to help you learn about sustainable forest management and to aid in your decisions regarding your woodland.


Contrary to what many people believe, forests usually need human help to keep them healthy and productive.  When they are well managed, forests provide clean air and water, home for wildlife, places for recreation and wood for many products that we all use.  When they are not well managed, forests are often unhealthy and unproductive.



Water is an important component of a forest that has an impact on every other component.  Likewise, forests have a great impact on both water quality and quantity outside of the forest. Keeping a keen eye on how activities in your woods impact water is an essential component of successful forest management.



North Carolina woodlands are home to many different wildlife species that each have unique requirements for food, water, shelter and space. Learn more about the requirements of the animals you have on your land – including threatened and endangered species, how to attract those that you may want but don’t have, as well as about forest management techniques that benefit wildlife.



Many woodland owners enjoy hiking, bird watching, hunting, camping, picnicking, picking berries, and just spending time in the outdoors. All aspects of forestry will influence recreation on your property and properly planned forest management can improve and expand recreational opportunities.



No matter where you live or how big or small your woodlands are, disease, pests and invasives can wreak havoc on your woodlands. These unwanted guests pose a real threat to the health of your woodlands. There are steps that you can take to prevent an outbreak and things you can do to address a threat when you see it.


Whether your woods are home to an important historic site, or just a meaningful spot where your parents or grandparents spent time, you hold a unique link to the past. Protecting these special places for the future is part of the ATFS Standards of Sustainability for Forest Certification. But it doesn’t have to be costly or difficult. With some information and a little planning, you can preserve a piece of America’s heritage for generations to come.


Owning a forest is a long term investment with many years of growth and value accumulated. Financial considerations must be made in every stage of this investment – from planting to harvest and too much is at stake to make uninformed decisions. Read further to gain a better understanding of cost share programs, tax implications, forest products, timber sales and more.