All Certified Tree Farmers are required to have a management plan that addresses air, water, soil quality, wildlife, special sites, invasive species and integrated pest management as described in the ATFS Standards of Sustainability. However, woodland owners have their own goals and objectives for their land. What are your priorities for your land? We offer this Resources section to help you learn about sustainable forest management and to aid in your decisions regarding your woodland.


Contrary to what many people believe, forests usually need human help to keep them healthy and productive.  When they are well managed, forests provide clean air and water, home for wildlife, places for recreation and wood for many products that we all use.  When they are not well managed, forests are often unhealthy and unproductive.


North Carolina woodlands are home to many different wildlife species that each have unique requirements for food, water, shelter and space. Learn more about the requirements of the animals you have on your land – including threatened and endangered species, how to attract those that you may want but don’t have, as well as about forest management techniques that benefit wildlife.



Water is an important component of a forest that has an impact on every other component.  Likewise, forests have a great impact on both water quality and quantity outside of the forest. Keeping a keen eye on how activities in your woods impact water is an essential component of successful forest management.



Many woodland owners enjoy hiking, bird watching, hunting, camping, picnicking, picking berries, and just spending time in the outdoors. All aspects of forestry will influence recreation on your property and properly planned forest management can improve and expand recreational opportunities.


North Carolina’s forests produce a variety of wood and non-wood products and are the backbone of the state’s largest manufacturing industry. “Industrial demand incentivizes forest stewardship, which improves environmental diversity, forest health, wildlife habitat, recreational opportunities, and the potential for landowners to receive future timber incomes,” according to N.C. State University’s publication North Carolina Forests and Forest Products Industry by the Numbers.


Owning a forest is a long term investment with many years of growth and value accumulated. Financial considerations must be made in every stage of this investment – from planting to harvest and too much is at stake to make uninformed decisions. Read further to gain a better understanding of cost share programs, tax implications, forest products, timber sales and more.


Longleaf pine forests, which once covered more than 92 million acres of the Southern United States, are among the most diverse ecosystems in the world. Learn about the importance of the longleaf pine to the region’s history, economy and biodiversity.


Many natural resource agencies and organizations offer online resources to help forest landowners become better stewards of their land.