North Carolina Species



The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service recognizes 61 animal species as endangered or threatened that are believed to or known to occur in North Carolina. Many of these use a forest for some part of their habitat requirements.


Even though you often see them in your backyard, many birds also use a forest. The type forest a bird prefers depends on where it likes to nest, what it eats and how it hunts for food. 


A mammal is defined as a member of a group of vertebrate animals in which the young are born live and feed on milk from their mothers.  In addition, mammals have fur or hair on their bodies.  Learn about some of North Carolina’s mammals that you may find in your woodlands.

John Triana, Regional Water Authority,


Reptiles and amphibians are an important part of a woodland environment. Reptiles include alligators, snakes, lizards and turtles. Frogs, toads, and salamanders are examples of amphibians.


Pollinators are animals that move pollen between flowers of many plants, including trees, shrubs and other flowering plants. These include bees, beetles, butterflies, moths, hummingbirds, wasps and flies.  Managed forests provide important habitat for pollinators as well as benefit from pollinators.