Bottomland Hardwoods

Bottomland hardwood forests are seasonally wet areas commonly found along intermittent and/or perennial streams and rivers. They flood or are saturated when the water table rises. These forests play an important role in protecting water quality, storing floodwater and providing habitat to a broad variety of wildlife species.


North Carolina’s bottomland and swamp forests are home to a diversity of trees and shrubs that are able to tolerate standing water.



Alternating wet and dry periods make bottomland forests suitable habitat for a variety of wildlife species during each season of the year. The soil in these forests tends to be richer in nutrients than the soil in other types of forests because of a significant leaf litter layer.


Trees in bottomland forests tend to grow slowly, so management is usually more passive and over a longer time period than management in pine or upland hardwood forests.