General Pond Management

How to Care for Ponds (American Forest Foundation)
The quality of a sportfishing pond is affected by the pond’s location, size and water quality, as well as by the availability of spawning areas and food supplies.

Who Can Help (N.C. Cooperative Extension)
Here are some of the resources available to you as you plan, construct, stock and manage your pond.

Pond Management (video) (N.C. State University)
This guide includes information on site planning and pond construction, fish stocking and harvesting, fertilization, liming and other management options, and solving common pond problems.

Pond Aeration (Southern Regional Aquaculture Center)
Oxygen is far less available to aquatic organisms than it is to air-breathers, and the dissolved oxygen content of water may limit the activities of fish.

Clearing Muddy Pond Waters (Virginia Cooperative Extension)
Muddy, cloudy water is not only unattractive, but can be harmful to aquatic life. Although high sediment loads in ponds seldom kill sport fish directly, muddy waters can seriously reduce fish production.

Solving Problems: Fish Kills (N.C. Cooperative Extension)
Fish die from a variety of natural causes. Observing a few dead fish in a pond is not uncommon and is no reason for concern unless it continues for several days. When fish die in large numbers, however, there is reason for concern.